Boulenger, G. (1887[a]): Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Natural History), Second Edition, Volume III. — London: Printed by order of the Trustees, i–xii + 1–575. [type species: Cicigna madagascariensis Gray, 1831; see Savage 1954]

Distribution: Madagascar, adjacent islands. [Lang 1991: map]

Review:
Raselimanana 2003: all species.  •   Descriptions, maps, photos to all species: Glaw & Vences 2007 (Field Guide...) •  phylogeny and evolution: Raselimanana et al. (2009) •  phylogenetic relationships: Recknagel et al. 2013.


Zonosaurus aeneus (Grandidier, 1872)
1872 Gerrhosaurus aeneus Grandidier
1942 Zonosaurus aeneus – Angel

Grandidier, A. (1872): Description de quelques reptiles nouveaux découverts a Madagascar en 1870. — Annales des Sciences Naturelles (Paris), (5) 15 (Art. 20): 6–11. [as Gerrhosaurus aeneus; type locality: “Madagascar”; type in MHNP]

Andreone, Glaw, Nussbaum, Raxworthy, Vences & Randrianirina (2003): distr (Nosy Be) • Angel 1942: morph, sys, distr •  Brygoo 1985[a]: sys, type in MHNP •  Brygoo 1985[b]: all data  • Glaw & Vences 1994: distr, morph  • Lang 1990[a]: phylogenetic relationships  • Meier 1989: morph, distr, behav, habitat, ter  • Mocquard 1895[a]: morph •  Raselimanana, Raxworthy & Nussbaum 2000: morph, distr, sys  • Rogner 1994: morph •  Vences, Müller-Jung, Glaw et al. 1996: morph, sys, habitat, distr •  Vences, Ziegler, Visser et al. 1999: zoogeography, genital morphology  • Wermuth 1968: sys, distr  •


Zonosaurus anelanelany Raselimanana, Raxworthy & Nussbaum, 2000
Raselimanana, A. P., C. J. Raxworthy & R. A. Nussbaum (2000): A Revision of the Dwarf Zonosaurus Boulenger (Reptilia: Squamata: Cordylidae) from Madagascar, including Descriptions of Three New Species. —  Scientific Papers, Natural History Museum, The University of Kansas, 18: 1–16. [type locality: “Sainte-Luce strand forest, 24°49’S, 47°09’E, 20m elevation, Tolagnaro Fivondronana, Toliara Province, Madagascar”; holotype in UMMZ (= Museum of the Zoology, University of Michigan)]


Zonosaurus bemaraha Raselimanana, Raxworthy & Nussbaum, 2000
Raselimanana, A. P., C. J. Raxworthy & R. A. Nussbaum (2000): A Revision of the Dwarf Zonosaurus Boulenger (Reptilia: Squamata: Cordylidae) from Madagascar, including Descriptions of Three New Species. —  Scientific Papers, Natural History Museum, The University of Kansas, 18: 1–16. [type locality: “Antranopasasy, Bemaraha National Park, 18°41.5’S, 44°43.0’E, 100 m elevation, Antsalova Fivondronana, Toliara Province, Madagascar”; holotype in UMMZ (= Museum of the Zoology, University of Michigan)]


Zonosaurus boettgeri Steindachner, 1891
1900 Zonosaurus longicaudatus Mocquard
1942 Zonosaurus boettgeri – Angel

Steindachner, F. (1891):
Über einige neue und seltene Reptilien- und Amphibien-Arten. — Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien (Wien), Math. Natur.-wiss. Kl., Abt. 1, 1891: 199–314. [type locality: “Nossi Bé”; type in Naturhist. Museum, Wien]

Andreone, Glaw, Nussbaum, Raxworthy, Vences & Randrianirina (2003):
distr (Nosy Be) • Angel 1942: morph, sys, distr •  Brygoo 1985[a]: sys about type of Zonosaurus longicaudatus in MHNP •  Brygoo 1985[b]: all data  • Glaw & Vences 1994: distr, morph  • Lang 1990[a]: phylogenetic relationships  • Mocquard 1900[a]: description of Zonosaurus longicaudatus (type locality: “Provient d’Andoarano”, type in MHNP)  • Mocquard 1900[b]: description (same as above) of Zonozaurus (sic) longicaudatus •  Mocquard 1902: sys •  Raselimanana, Nussbaum & Raxworthy 2006: observations, re-description • Tiedemann, Häupl & Grillitsch 1994: holotypus in Naturhist. Museum, Wien •  Wermuth 1968: sys, distr  •


Zonosaurus brygooi Lang & Böhme, 1989
Lang, M. & Böhme, W. (1989): A new species of the Zonosaurus rufipes-complex (Reptilia: Squamata: Gerrhosauridae), from Northern Madagascar. — Bulletin de l’Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique, Biologie, 59: 163–168. [see below] [type locality: “Loucoubé, Nosy-Bé, Madagascar”; type in ZFMK]

Lang & Böhme, 1989
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Andreone, Glaw, Nussbaum, Raxworthy, Vences & Randrianirina (2003):
distr (Nosy Be) • Bauer, Lang & Günther 1994: sys, paratypes in ZMB, SMF, IRSNB •  Franzen & Glaw 2007: types •  Glaw & Vences 1994: distr, morph  • Nussbaum, Raxworthy, Raselimanana et al. 1999: distr •  Odierna et al. (2002): Karyotypes  • Raselimanana, Raxworthy & Nussbaum 2000: morph, sys  •   Vences, Müller-Jung, Glaw et al. 1996: morph, sys, habitat, distr  • Vences, Ziegler, Visser et al. 1999: zoogeography, genital morphology  •


Zonosaurus haraldmeieri Brygoo & Böhme, 1985
1985 Zonosaurus madagascariensis haraldmeieri Brygoo & Böhme
1989 Zonosaurus haraldmeieri – Meier

Brygoo, É. & Böhme, W. (1985): Un Zonosaurus nouveau de la région d’Antseranana (= Diégo-Suarez, Madagascar) (Reptilia: Cordylidae). — Revue Française d’Aquariologie et Herpétologie, 12 (1) (1985): 31–32. [as Zonosaurus madagascariensis haraldmeieri; type locality: “Madagascar, Joffreville”; type in ZFMK]

Brygoo 1985[b]: all data  • Glaw & Vences 1994: distr, morph  • Henkel & Schmidt 1995: distr, habitat, size, morph, behav, ter •  Lang 1990[a]: phylogenetic relationships  • Meier 1989: morph, distr, behav, habitat, ter  • Nietzke 1998: ter, morph, distr, behav, diet, reproduction  • Rogner 1991[a]: ter, breeding •  Rogner 1994: morph, behav, ter • 


Zonosaurus karsteni (Grandidier, 1869)
1869 Gerrhosaurus karsteni Grandidier
1942 Zonosaurus karsteni – Angel

Grandidier, A. (1869): Descriptions de quelques animaux nouveaux découverts, pendant l’année 1869, sur la côte ouest de Madagascar. — Revue et Magazine de Zoologie (Paris), (Sér. 2) 21: 337–342. [as Gerrhosaurus karsteni; type locality: “Fiérin”; syntype in MHNP]

Angel 1942: morph, sys, distr •  Boettger 1913: morph •  Böhme 1988: genital morphology  • Breustedt 1990: ter, breeding •  Brygoo 1985[a]: sys, syntype in MHNP  • Brygoo 1985[b]: all data  •  Glaw & Vences 1994: distr, morph  • Henkel & Schmidt 1995: distr, habitat, size, morph, behav, ter •  Lang 1990[a]: phylogenetic relationships  • Meier 1989: morph, distr, behav, habitat, ter •  Mocquard 1895[a]: morph •  Mocquard 1900[a]: morph •  Odierna et al. (2002): Karyotypes  • Rogner 1994: morph, behav, ter •  Wermuth 1968: sys, distr  •


Zonosaurus laticaudatus (Grandidier, 1869)
1869 Gerrhosaurus laticaudatus Grandidier
1942 Zonosaurus laticaudatus – Angel

Grandidier, A. (1869): Descriptions de quelques animaux nouveaux découverts, pendant l’année 1869, sur la côte ouest de Madagascar. — Revue et Magazine de Zoologie (Paris), (Sér. 2) 21: 337–342. [as Gerrhosaurus laticaudatus; type locality: “Fiérin”; holotype in Naturhist. Museum, Wien]

Andersson 1910: morph  • Andreone, Glaw, Nussbaum, Raxworthy, Vences & Randrianirina (2003): distr (Nosy Be) Angel 1942: morph, sys, distr •  Angel 1949: morph •  Boettger 1913: morph  • Bowler 1977: age: >8 years •  Brygoo 1985[a]: sys, syntype in MHNP  • Brygoo 1985[b]: all data •  D’Cruze 2006: semiaquatic defensive behaviour •  Glaw & Vences 1994: distr, morph  • Glos 2004: feeding on frogs  • Harvey & Gutberlet 1995: microstructure, evolution and ontogeny of scale surfaces •  Henkel & Schmidt 1995: distr, habitat, size, morph, behav, ter •  Hoesch 1985: morph  • Kaudern 1922: morph •  Lang 1990[a]: phylogenetic relationships  • Meier 1989: morph, distr, behav, habitat, ter •  Mertens 1970: age: >8 years •  Mocquard 1895[a]: morph •  Nussbaum, Raxworthy, Raselimanana et al. 1999: distr •  Odierna et al. (2002): Karyotypes  • Putti & Della Rossa 1996: cytology  • Randriamahazo 1998: activity temperatures •  Rogner 1994: morph, behav, ter  • Snider & Bowler 1992: age: >8 years •  Tiedemann, Häupl & Grillitsch 1994: holotype in Naturhist.Museum, Wien •  Urbani & Bels 1995: description of feeding phases •  Wermuth 1968: sys, distr  •


Zonosaurus madagascariensis madagascariensis (Gray, 1831)
1831 Cicigna madagascariensis Gray
1839 Gerrhosaurus bifasciatus Duméril & Bibron
1985 Zonosaurus madagascariensis madagascariensis – Brygoo

Gray, J. (1831): A Synopsis of the Species of the Class Reptilia. — In: Griffith, Edward & Pidgeon, Edward (Hrsg.): The Animal Kingdom arranged in conformity with its Organisation by the Baron Cuvier [...]. [9] – London: Whittaker, Treacher & Co., 1–110. [as Cicigna madagascariensis; type locality: “Madagascar”; type in NHM]

Andreone, Glaw, Nussbaum, Raxworthy, Vences & Randrianirina (2003): distr (Nosy Be) • Andreone & Randriamahazo 1997: distr, morph (Z. cf. madagascariensis) •  Angel 1942: morph, sys, distr •  Angel 1949: morph •  Bissinger & Simon 1979: tongue extrusions •  Böhme 1988: genital morphology •  Boulenger 1887[a]: morph •  Broadley 1971[b]: morph, distr  • Brygoo 1985[a]: sys, syntype of Gerrhosaurus bifasciatus in MHNP •  Brygoo 1985[b]: all data  • Dumeril & Bibron 1839: description of Gerrhosaurus bifasciatus, type locality: “Madagascar”  • Gehring 2006: predation of Paroedura •  Glaw & Vences 1994: distr, morph  • Gray 1845: morph •  Henkel & Schmidt 1995: distr, habitat, size, morph, behav, ter •  Kaudern 1922: morph •  Lang 1990[a]: phylogenetic relationships  • Meier 1989: morph, distr, behav, habitat, ter •  Methuen & Hewitt 1913: morph •  Miehle & Bauer 1993: visceral vasculature  • Morescalchi et al. 1997: regulatory peptides, serotonin, gut, pancreas, immunohistochemistry  • Noonan & Yoder 2009: genomic library • Odierna et al. (2002): Karyotypes  • Rogner 1994: morph •  Schmidt 1913: skin, dermal bones  • Wermuth 1968: sys, distr  • Wever 1978: structure and function of ear •


Zonosaurus madagascariensis insulanus Brygoo, 1985
Brygoo, É. (1985[b]): Les Gerrhosaurinae de Madagascar, Sauria (Cordylidae). — Mémoires du Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris, sér. A, Tome 134: 1–65. [type locality: “Glorioso Islands NW Madagascar”; holotype in NHM]

Gerlach 2006: status, population on Cosmoledo atoll • 



Zonosaurus maramaintso Raselimanana, Nussbaum & Raxworthy, 2006
Raselimanana, Achille P., R. A. Nussbaum & C. J. Raxworthy (2006): Observations and re-description of Zonosaurus boettgeri Steindachner 1891 and description of a second new species of long-tailed Zonosaurus from western Madagascar. — Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan, August 2006, No. 739: 1-16. [type locality: “Antsalova region, Antsalova Fivondronana, Mahajanga Province, Madagascar”, holotype in UMMZ, No. 221904 an adult male]

Cover of Herp.Review, by Bill Love
Click to Enlarge

[Love] 2008: nice photo at the cover of Herpetological Review, 39(2) [see above; thanks to Robert Hansen] •


Zonosaurus maximus Boulenger, 1896
Boulenger, G. (1896[a]): Descriptions of new Lizards from Madagascar. — The Annals and Magazine of Natural History (London), (6), Vol. 17: 444–449. [type locality: “Imerina, Mad.”; type in NHM]

Angel 1942: morph, sys, distr •  Blanc 1967: behav, morph  • Böhme 1988: genital morphology  • Brygoo 1985[b]: all data  • Glaw & Vences 1994: distr, morph  • Harvey & Gutberlet 1995: microstructure, evolution and ontogeny of scale surfaces •  Henkel & Schmidt 1995: distr, habitat, size, morph, behav, ter  • Lang 1990[a]: phylogenetic relationships  • Meier 1989: morph, distr, behav, habitat, ter •  Rogner 1994: morph, behav, ter •  Wermuth 1968: sys, distr  •


Zonosaurus ornatus (Gray, 1831)
1831 Cicigna madagascariensis var. ornata Gray
1834 Gerrhosaurus lineatus Cocteau
1887 Zonosaurus ornatus – Boulenger

Gray, J. (1831): A Synopsis of the Species of the Class Reptilia. — In: Griffith, Edward & Pidgeon, Edward (Hrsg.): The Animal Kingdom arranged in conformity with its Organisation by the Baron Cuvier [...]. [9] – London: Whittaker, Treacher & Co., 1–110. [as Cicigna madagascariensis var. ornata; type locality: “Madagascar”; type in NHM]

Angel 1942: morph, sys, distr •  Boulenger 1887[a]: morph •  Brygoo 1985[a]: sys, type of Gerrhosaurus lineatus in MHNP •  Brygoo 1985[b]: all data  • Cocteau 1834: description of Gerrhosaurus lineatus, type locality: “Madagascar”  • Glaw & Vences 1994: distr, morph  • Gray 1845: morph •  Harvey & Gutberlet 1995: microstructure, evolution and ontogeny of scale surfaces  • Henkel & Schmidt 1995: distr, habitat, size, morph, behav, ter •  Lang 1990[a]: phylogenetic relationships  • Meier 1989: morph, distr, behav, habitat, ter •  Methuen & Hewitt 1913: morph •  Nguyen-N-Anh 1974: l’ultrastructure du cone papillaire •  Odierna et al. (2002): Karyotypes  • Rogner 1994: morph •  Wermuth 1968: sys, distr  • Wever 1978: structure and function of ear •


Zonosaurus quadrilineatus (Grandidier, 1867)
1867 Gerrhosaurus 4-lineatus Grandidier
1942 Zonosaurus quadrilineatus – Angel

Grandidier, A. (1867): Liste des reptiles nouveaux découverts, en 1866, sur la côte sud-ouest de Madagascar. — Revue et Magazine de Zoologie (Paris), (Sér. 2) 19: 232–234. [as Gerrhosaurus 4-lineatus; type locality: “Tullear”; type in MHNP]

Angel 1942: morph, sys, distr •  Boettger 1913: morph •  Böhme 1988: genital morphology  • Brygoo 1985[a]: sys, type in MHNP •  Brygoo 1985[b]: all data  • Glaw & Vences 1994: distr, morph  • Henkel & Schmidt 1995: distr, habitat, size, morph, behav, ter •  Lang 1990[a]: phylogenetic relationships  • Meier 1988: morph, distr, behav, habitat, ter •  Mocquard 1895[a]: morph •  Rogner 1994: morph, behav, ter •  Tiedemann, Häupl & Grillitsch 1994: syntype in Naturhist. Museum, Wien  •  Wermuth 1968: sys, distr  •


Zonosaurus rufipes (Boettger, 1881)
1881 Gerrhosaurus (Cicigna) rufipes Boettger
1887 Zonosaurus rufipes – Boulenger

Boettger, O. (1881[a]): Diagnoses reptilium et batrachiorum novorum ab ill. Antonio Stumpff in insula Nossi-Bé Madagascariensi lectorum. — Zoologischer Anzeiger (Leipzig), 4 (87): 358–362. [as Gerrhosaurus (Cicigna) rufipes; type locality: “Nossi Bé”; type in SMF]

Andreone, Glaw, Nussbaum, Raxworthy, Vences & Randrianirina (2003): distr (Nosy Be) • Angel 1942: morph, sys, distr •  Bauer, Lang & Günther 1994: sys, paralectotypes in ZMB  • Boulenger 1887[a]: morph •  Brygoo 1985[b]: all data  • Glaw & Vences 1994: distr, morph  • Henkel & Schmidt 1995: distr, habitat, size, morph, behav, ter •  Lang 1990[a]: phylogenetic relationships  • Lang & Böhme 1989: sys •  Meier 1989: morph, distr, behav, habitat, ter •  Mertens 1922: type in SMF •  Mertens 1967: type in SMF •  Odierna et al. (2002): Karyotypes  • Rogner 1994: morph •  Raselimanana, Raxworthy & Nussbaum 2000: morph, sys  • Tiedemann, Häupl & Grillitsch 1994: paralectotypes in Naturhist. Museum, Wien  • Vences, Müller-Jung, Glaw et al. 1996: morph, sys, habitat, distr •  Wermuth 1968: sys, distr  •


Zonosaurus subunicolor (Boettger, 1881)
1881 Gerrhosaurus (Cicigna) rufipes var. subunicolor Boettger
1994 Zonosaurus subunicolor – Glaw & Vences
1996 Zonosaurus subunicolor – Vences, Müller-Jung, Glaw & Böhme

Boettger, O. (1881[a]): Diagnoses reptilium et batrachiorum novorum ab ill. Antonio Stumpff in insula Nossi-Bé Madagascariensi lectorum. — Zoologischer Anzeiger (Leipzig), 4 (87): 358–362. [as Gerrhosaurus (Cicigna) rufipes var. subunicolor; type locality: “Nossi Bé”; type in SMF]

Andreone, Glaw, Nussbaum, Raxworthy, Vences & Randrianirina (2003): distr (Nosy Be) • Angel 1942: morph, sys, distr •  Glaw & Vences 1994: distr, morph  • Lang & Böhme 1989: sys •  Mertens 1922: type in SMF •  Mertens 1967: type in SMF •  Raselimanana, Raxworthy & Nussbaum 2000: morph, sys  • Vences, Müller-Jung, Glaw et al. 1996: morph, sys, habitat, distr  •


Zonosaurus trilineatus Angel, 1939
Angel, F. (1939): Un Gerrhosauridé nouveau de Madagascar. — Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France (Paris), 64: 350–351. [type locality: “Ambovombe (Sud de Madagascar)” ; type in MHNP]

Angel 1942: morph, sys, distr •  Brygoo 1985[a]: sys, abou type in MHNP  • Brygoo 1985[b]: all data  •  Glaw & Vences 1994: distr, morph  • Henkel & Schmidt 1995: distr, habitat, size, morph, behav, ter •  Lang 1990[a]: phylogenetic relationships  • Odierna et al. (2002): Karyotypes  • Rogner 1994: morph  • Wermuth 1968: sys, distr  •


Zonosaurus tsingy Raselimanana, Raxworthy & Nussbaum, 2000
Raselimanana, A. P., C. J. Raxworthy & R. A. Nussbaum (2000): A Revision of the Dwarf Zonosaurus Boulenger (Reptilia: Squamata: Cordylidae) from Madagascar, including Descriptions of Three New Species. —  Scientific Papers, Natural History Museum, The University of Kansas, 18: 1–16. [type locality: “Lac Vert, Ankarana National Park, 12°52’S, 49°06’E, 100 m elevation, Ambilobe Fivondronana, Antsiranana Province, Madagascar”; holotype in UMMZ (= Museum of the Zoology, University of Michigan)]

© Klaus Adolphs  – created: 26 February 2001  – last changed or updated: 25 December 2013