Schneider, J. (1801): Historiae Amphibiorum naturalis et literariae, Fasciculus Secundus continens Crocodilos, Scincos, Chamaesauras, Boas, Pseudoboas, Elapes, Angues, Amphisbaenas et Caecilias. — Jena: Fried. Frommann, vi + 364 pp. [see below] [type species (designated by Fitzinger 1826): Lacerta anguina Linnaeus, 1758]

Schneider, 1801


Distribution:
Rep. South Africa (coastal zone), Zimbabwe, east Mozambique, north-east Zambia, Malawi, Tanzania, south Kenya, south Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, east and south Zaire, Angola. [Lang 1991: map]

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The new Cordylidae systematic – from Stanley, Bauer, Jackman, Branch & Mouton (2011) –
was included in parts; for more details
see here.
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Chamaesaura aenea (Fitzinger, 1843)
1843 Cricochalcis aenea Fitzinger
1880 Chamaesaura miodactyla Günther
1885 Chamaesaura aenea – Boulenger
2001 Cordylus aenea – Frost, Janies, Mouton & Titus

Fitzinger, L. (1843): Systema Reptilium, Fasciculus Primus, Amblyglossae. — Vindobonae: Braumüller et Seidel, 1–106. [as Cricochalcis aenea; type locality: “Afr.”; type in ZMB]

Fitzsimons, 1943   Günther, 1880
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Bates 1994: morph •  Bates 1995: morph, reproduction •  Bates 1996: morph, distr  • Bates, Branch, Bauer et al. (Atlas and Red List) 2014: tax, habitat, map, photo, conservation • Bauer, Lang & Günther 1994: sys, holotype in ZMB  • Boulenger 1885: morph •  Bourquin & Channing 1980: distr, habitat •  Branch 1981: distr, behav  • Branch 1998: morph, breeding, biology, habitat, distr, map  • Branch & Haagner 1992[b]: reproduction  • Broadley 1971[b]: morph, distr •  Duerden & Essex 1922: degeneration of limbs •  Essex 1927: degeneration of limbs •  Fitzsimons 1943: sys, morph, colour, size, distr  • Günther 1880: description of Chamaesaura miodactyla (type locality: “Peri-Bush”, type in NHM)  •  Harvey & Gutberlet 1995: microstructure, evolution and ontogeny of scale surfaces •  Hewitt 1937[b]: morph, distr  • Hughes 1988: age: >1 year  • Loveridge 1944: revision (= all data)  • Patterson & Bannister 1988: morph, behav  • Visser 1984[g]: morph, behav, distr  • Wermuth 1968: sys, distr  •


Chamaesaura anguina anguina (Linnaeus, 1758)
1758 Lacerta anguina Linnaeus
1768 Chalcides pinnata Laurenti
1795 Chalcides anguina – Meyer
1801 Chamaesaura anguinea – Schneider
1802 Seps monodactylus Daudin
1811 Chalcides monodactylus – Oppel
1820 Monodactylus anguineus – Merrem
1890 Chamaesaura didactyla Boulenger
1944 Chamaesaura anguina anguina – Loveridge
2001 Cordylus anguinus anguinus – Frost, Janies, Mouton & Titus

Linnaeus, C. (1758): Systema Naturae, per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio Decima, reformata. — Holmiae: Laurenti Salvii [10. Edition], 824 pp. [see below] [as Lacerta anguina; type locality: “Caput Bonae Spei”; type in (?) Stockholm Museum]

Linnaeus, 1758  Shaw & Nodder 1810  Boulenger, 1890 
 sc071  Schneider, 1801  Vosmaer, 1774
Click to enlarge


Bates, Branch, Bauer et al. (Atlas and Red List) 2014:
tax, habitat, map, photo, conservation • Bauer 2012: about the type Bauer & Bell 2014: about Vosmaer, 1774 and his Lacerta anguina Berger 1978: birth •  Boulenger 1885: morph •  Boulenger 1890: morph, description of Chamaesaura didactyla, (type locality: “South Africa”, type in NHM) •  Boycott 1990: size, reproduction, susceptibility to fire  • Branch 1981: distr, behav  • Branch 1998: morph, breeding, biology, habitat, distr, map •  Branch & Bauer 1995: behav •  Broadley 1971[b]: morph, distr  • Brygoo 1985[a]: sys: type of Seps monodactylus •  Daudin 1802: description as Seps monodactylus (nomen substitutum pro Lacerta anguina Linnaeus) •  Duerden & Essex 1922: degeneration of limbs • Essex 1927: degeneration of limbs  • Fitzsimons 1943: sys, morph, colour, size, distr, behav •  Gray 1845: morph •  Harvey & Gutberlet 1995: microstructure, evolution and ontogeny of scale surfaces  • Hedges 1983: behav •  Hewitt 1937[b]: morph, distr, behav •  Laurenti 1768: description of Chalcides pinnata, type locality: “Capitis Bonae Spei” •  Loveridge 1944: revision (= all data) •  Niekisch 1981: ter •  Plessis 1945: cranial anatomy and ontogeny •  Rogner 1994: morph, behav, ter •  Rose 1962: morph, behav  • Roux 1907: morph •  Schneider 1801: morph •  Shaw 1802: morph •  Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2001: morph, distr, map, habitat, biology •  du Toit, Mouton & Flemming 2003: reproduction and high fecundity •  du Toit, Mouton, Geertsema & Flemming 2002: foraging mode •  Villiers & Villiers 2004: fire, population size, density  • Visser 1984[g]: morph, behav, distr •  Vosmaer 1774: “Natuurlyke Historie van de Langstaartige, Ruw-Geschubde Slang-Hagedis”    • Wermuth 1968: sys, distr •  van Wyk & Mouton 1992: epidermal glandular structure • 


Chamaesaura anguina oligopholis Laurent, 1964
1964 Chamaesaura anguina oligopholis Laurent
2001 Cordylus anguinus oligopholis – Frost, Janies, Mouton & Titus

Laurent, R. (1964): Reptiles et Amphibiens de l’Angola (Troisième contribution). — Companhia de Diamantes de Angola (Diamang), Serviços Culturais, Museu do Dundo (Angola), No. 67, 165 pp. [type locality: “Calonda, Lunda”; type in Museu do Dundo]

Wermuth 1968: sys, distr  •


Chamaesaura anguina tenuior Günther, 1895 (Chamaesaura tenuior Günther, 1895 [Stanley et al. 2011])
1895 Chamaesaura tenuior Günther
1899 Chamaesaura annectens Boulenger
1944 Chamaesaura anguina tenuior – Loveridge
2001 Cordylus anguinus tenuior – Frost, Janies, Mouton & Titus

Günther, A. (1895): Notice of Reptiles and Batrachians collected in the Eastern Half of Tropical Africa. — The Annals and Magazine of Natural History (London), Ser. 6 (15): 523–529. [as Chamaesaura tenuior; type locality: “Kampala, Uganda”; type in NHM]

Witte, 1941


Boulenger 1899: description of Chamaesaura annectens (type locality: “Ravine Station, Mau Mountains (7.500 ft.), on the main route from Mombasa to Lake Victoria, British East Africa”)  • Lötters et al. 2007: description, habitat and life history •  Loveridge 1929: morph, size •  Loveridge 1944: revision (= all data) •  Sternfeld 1912: morph, behav •  Tornier 1902: “Ein Weibchen, das mit einem Embryo trächtig war.” •  Wermuth 1968: sys, distr  • Witte 1941: morph  •


Chamaesaura macrolepis (Cope, 1862)
1862 Mancus macrolepis Cope
1988 Chamaesaura macrolepis macrolepis – Branch
2000 Chamaesaura macrolepis – Haagner, Branch & Haagner
2001 Cordylus macrolepis – Frost, Janies, Mouton & Titus

Cope, E. (1862): Notes upon some Reptiles of the Old World. — Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 7, (1862): 337–344. [as Mancus macrolepis; type locality: “Natal”; type in Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia]

Bates, Branch, Bauer et al. (Atlas and Red List) 2014: tax, habitat, map, photo, conservation • Boulenger 1885: morph •  Branch 1998: morph, breeding, biology, habitat, distr, map •  Broadley 1962[a]: morph, coloration, size •  Broadley 1971[b]: morph, distr  • Broadley 1971[c]: distr, habitat  •  Duerden & Essex 1922: degeneration of limbs •  Essex 1927: degeneration of limbs •  Fitzsimons 1943: sys, morph, colour, size, distr •  Haagner, Branch & Haagner 2000: sys •  Harvey & Gutberlet 1995: microstructure, evolution and ontogeny of scale surfaces  • Hellmich 1957[a]: distr, morph  • Hughes 1988: age: >1 year  • Jacobsen 1995: distr •  Loveridge 1944: revision (= all data) •  Pietersen & Pietersen 2002: distr •  Schmidt 1919: morph, size •  Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2001: morph, distr, map, habitat, biology •  Visser 1984[g]: morph, behav, distr •  Wermuth 1968: sys, distr  •


Chamaesaura miopropus Boulenger, 1894
1894 Chamaesaura miopropus Boulenger
1988 Chamaesaura macrolepis miopropus – Branch
2000 Chamaesaura miopropus – Haagner, Branch & Haagner
2001 Cordylus miopropus – Frost, Janies, Mouton & Titus

Boulenger, G. (1894): Second Report on Additions to the Lizard Collection in the Natural-History Museum. — Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London (London), 1894 (4): 722–736. [as Chamaesaura miopropus; type locality: “Fwambo, British Central Africa”; type in NHM]

Chamaesaura miopropus


Branch 2005: morph, distr, photo  • Broadley & Cotterill 2004: distr (as Chamaesaura miopropus)  • Haagner, Branch & Haagner 2000: size, diet, reproduction, sys •  Loveridge 1933: morph, size, diet, habitat  • Loveridge 1944: revision (= all data) •  Spawls, Howell, Drewes & Ashe 2001: distr •  Stewart & Wilson 1966: distr, habitat, reproduction, morph, parasites, diet  • Wermuth 1968: sys, distr  •
 

© Klaus Adolphs  – created: 26 February 2001  – last changed or updated: 29 July 2015